Research Papers in Progress

Publications Menu

Howe, Laurence J., Michel G. Nivard, Tim T. Morris, …, Philipp D. Koellinger, Jaakko Kaprio, Sarah E. Medland, Robin G. Walters, Daniel J. Benjamin, Patrick Turley, David M. Evans, George Davey Smith, Caroline Hayward, Ben M. Brumpton, Gibran Hemani, and Neil M. Davies (2021). “Within-sibship GWAS improve estimates of direct genetic effects.” bioRxiv, March 7.

Benjamin, Daniel J., Jakina Debnam Guzman, Marc Fleurbaey, Ori Heffetz, and Miles S. Kimball (2021). “What Do Happiness Data Mean? Theory and Survey Evidence.” NBER Working Paper no. 28438, February. Web Appendix here. Individual Responses Web Appendix here.

Daniel J. Benjamin, Mark Alan Fontana, and Miles S. Kimball (2020). "Reconsidering Risk Aversion." NBER Working Paper no. 28007, October.

Young, Alexander I., Seyed Moeen Nehzati, Chanwook Lee, Stefania Benonisdottir, David Cesarini, Daniel J. Benjamin, Patrick Turley, and Augustine Kong (2020). “Mendelian Imputation of Parental Genotypes for Genome-Wide Estimation of Direct and Indirect Genetic Effects.” bioRxiv, July 3. 


Benjamin, Daniel J., Don A. Moore, and Matthew Rabin (2017). “Biased Beliefs About Random Samples: Evidence from Two Integrated Experiments.NBER Working Paper 23927, October. Appendix.


Benjamin, Daniel J., Gabriel Carroll, Ori Heffetz, and Miles S. Kimball (2014). “Aggregating Local Preferences To Guide Policy.” Cornell University and University of Southern California mimeo, October.

Behavioral Economics

Benjamin, Daniel J., David I. Laibson, Walter Mischel, Philip K. Peake, Yuichi Shoda, Alexandra Steiny, and Nicole L. Wilson (2020). “Predicting Mid-Life Capital Formation with Pre-School Delay of Gratification and Life-Course Measures of Self-Regulation.Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 179, 743–756. Special issue on “Understanding Cognition and Decision Making by Children.” 

Beauchamp, Jonathan P., Daniel J. Benjamin, Christopher F. Chabris, and David I. Laibson (2020). “Measuring and Controlling for the Compromise Effect When Estimating Risk Preference Parameters.Experimental Economics, 23(4), 1069–1099.  

Benjamin, Daniel J., Kristen Cooper, Ori Heffetz, and Miles S. Kimball (2020). “Self-reported wellbeing indicators are a valuable complement to traditional economic indicators but aren’t yet ready to compete with them.” Behavioural Public Policy, 4(2), 198–209. Special issue “On Happiness Being the Goal of Government.”

Aczel, Balazs, Barnabas Szaszi, Alexandra Sarafoglou, Zoltan Kekecs,Šimon Kucharský, Daniel J. Benjamin, …, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers (2020). “A consensus-based transparency checklist.” Nature Human Behaviour, 4, 4–6.


Benjamin, Daniel J., Kristen Cooper, Ori Heffetz, and Miles S. Kimball (2019). “A Well-Being Snapshot in a Changing World.” American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings), 109: 344–49.

Benjamin, Daniel J., and James O. Berger (2019). “Three Recommendations for Improving the Use of p-Values.”  The American Statistician, 73(sup1): 186-191. Special issue on “Statistical Inference in the 21st Century: A World Beyond p < 0.05.”

Benjamin, Daniel J. (2019). "Errors in Probabilistic Reasoning and Judgment Biases." Chapter for the Handbook of Behavioral Economics (edited by Doug Bernheim, Stefano DellaVigna, and David Laibson). Elsevier Press.

Supplementary files here

Chabris, Christopher F., Patrick R. Heck, Jaclyn Mandart, Daniel J. Benjamin, and Daniel J. Simons (2018). "No Evidence that Experiencing Physical Warmth Promotes Interpersonal Warmth." Social Psychology. Published online December 10. DOI: 10.1027/1864-9335/a000361.

Benjamin, Daniel J., James O. Berger, Magnus Johannesson, Brian Nosek, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, ..., Valen Johnson (2018). “Redefine Statistical Significance.” Nature Human Behaviour, 2(1): 6-10. 


Benjamin, Daniel J., Kristen Cooper, Ori Heffetz, and Miles S. Kimball (2017). “Challenges in Constructing a Survey-Based Well-Being Index.” American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings), 107(5): 81-85.


Benjamin, Daniel J., Ori Heffetz, Miles S. Kimball, and Derek Lougee (2017). "The relationship between the normalized gradient addition mechanism and quadratic voting." Public Choice, 172(1): 233-263. Invited paper for special issue on “Quadratic voting and the public good."

Benjamin, Daniel J., James J. Choi, and Geoffrey Fisher (2016). “Religious identity and economic behavior.” Review of Economics and Statistics, 98(4): 617-637. Lead article.

Web Appendix here

Benjamin, Daniel J., and James O. Berger (2016).  “Comment: A simple alternative to p-values.” The American Statistician. Published online March 7. Invited comment on “The American Statistical Association Statement on Statistical Significance and p-values.”


Bayarri, M.J., Daniel J. Benjamin, James O. Berger, and Thomas M. Sellke (2016). "Rejection Odds and Rejection Ratios: A Proposal for Statistical Practice in Testing Hypotheses." Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 72: 90-103.  Invited paper for special issue on “Bayesian hypothesis testing."

Corrigendum here.

Benjamin, Daniel J., Matthew Rabin, and Collin Raymond (2016). “A Model of Non-Belief in the Law of Large Numbers.” Journal of the European Economics Association, 14(2): 515-544. 

Web Appendix here.


Benjamin, Daniel J. (2015). “A Theory of Fairness in Labor Markets.” Japanese Economic Review, 66(2): 182-225. Invited paper for special issue on “Normative Economics from the Traditional and Nontraditional Views."
Web Appendix here. Mathematica code for simulation results here.


Benjamin, Daniel J. (2015). “Distributional Preferences, Reciprocity-Like Behavior, and Efficiency in Bilateral Exchange.” American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, 7(1): 70-98.
Web Appendix here.


Benjamin, Daniel J., Ori Heffetz, Miles S. Kimball, and Alex Rees-Jones (2014). “Can Marginal Rates of Substitution Be Inferred From Happiness Data? Evidence from Residency Choices.” American Economic Review, 104(11), 3498-3528.
Web Appendix here. Survey Appendix here.


Benjamin, Daniel J., Ori Heffetz, Miles S. Kimball, and Nichole Szembrot (2014). “Beyond Happiness and Satisfaction: Toward Well-Being Indices Based on Stated Preference.” American Economic Review, 104(9), 2698-2735.
Web Appendix here.


Benjamin, Daniel J., Sebastian A. Brown, and Jesse M. Shapiro (2013). “Who is ‘Behavioral’? Cognitive ability and anomalous preferences.” Journal of the European Economics Association, 11(6), 1231–1255. Lead Article.
Web Appendix here.


Benjamin, Daniel J., Ori Heffetz, Miles S. Kimball, and Nichole Szembrot (2013). “Aggregating Local Preferences to Guide Marginal Policy Adjustments.” American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings), 103(3), 605–610.


Benjamin, Daniel J., Ori Heffetz, Miles S. Kimball, and Alex Rees-Jones (2012). “What Do You Think

Would Make You Happier? What Do You Think You Would Choose?” American Economic Review, 102(5), 2083–2110.
Web Appendix here.


Benjamin, Daniel J., James J. Choi, and A. Joshua Strickland (2010). “Social identity and preferences.” American Economic Review, 100(4), 1913–1928.
Web appendix here.


Benjamin, Daniel J., and Jesse M. Shapiro (2009). Thin-slice forecasts of gubernatorial elections.” Review of Economics and Statistics, 91(3), 523–536.


Benjamin, Daniel J. (2003). “Do 401(k)s Increase Saving? Evidence From Propensity Score Subclassification.” Journal of Public Economics 87(5-6), 1259–90.


Rind, Bruce, and Daniel J. Benjamin. (1994). “Effects of Public Image Concerns and Self-Image on Compliance.”Journal of Social Psychology 134(1), 19–25. 

Genoeconomics (major author)

Meddens, S. Fleur W., Ronald de Vlaming, Peter Bowers, Casper A.P. Burik, Richard K. Linnér, Chanwook Lee, Aysu Okbay, Patrick Turley, …, Daniel J. Benjamin, Carson C. Chow, Philipp D. Koellinger (2020). “Genomic analysis of diet composition finds novel loci and associations with health and lifestyle.” Molecular Psychiatry. Published online May 11.

Linnér, Richard K., Pietro Biroli, Edward Kong, S Fleur W Meddens, Robbee Wedow, Mark Alan Fontana, Maël Lebreton, …, Jacob Gratten, James J Lee, David Cesarini, Daniel J. Benjamin, Philipp Koellinger, Jonathan P. Beauchamp (2019). “Genome-wide association analyses of risk tolerance and risky behaviors in over 1 million individuals identify hundreds of loci and shared genetic influences." Nature Genetics, 51(2), 245-257. doi: 10.1038/s41588-018-0309-3

Lee, James J., Robbee Wedow, Aysu Okbay, Edward Kong, Omeed Maghzian, Meghan Zacher, Tuan Anh Nguyen-Viet, Peter Bowers, ..., David I. Laibson, Jian Yang, Magnus Johannesson, Philipp D. Koellinger, Patrick Turley, Peter M. Visscher, Daniel J. Benjamin, and David Cesarini (2018). "Gene discovery and polygenic prediction from a genome-wide association study of educational attainment in 1.1 million individualsNature Genetics, 50, 1112-1121. Published online July 23.

Turley, Patrick, Raymond K. Walters, Omeed Maghzian, Aysu Okbay, James J. Lee, Mark Alan Fontana, Tuan Anh Nguyen-Viet, Nicholas A. Furlotte, 23andMe Research Team, Social Science Genetic Association Consortium, Patrik Magnusson, Sven Oskarsson, Magnus Johannesson, Peter M. Visscher, David Laibson, David Cesarini, Benjamin Neale, and Daniel J. Benjamin (2018). “Multi-trait analysis of genome-wide association summary statistics using MTAG.” Nature Genetics, 50, 229-237. Published online January 1.

Linnér, Richard K., Riccardo E. Marioni, Cornelius A. Rietveld, …, George Davey Smith, Ian J. Deary, Philipp D. Koellinger, Daniel J. Benjamin (2017). “An epigenome-wide association study meta-analysis of educational attainment.” Molecular Psychiatry, 22: 1680-1690. Published online October 31.

Barban, Nicola, Rick Jansen, Ronald de Vlaming, Ahmad Vaez, Jornt Mandemakers, Felix C. Tropf, Xia Shen, James F Wilson, ..., James J. Lee, Daniel J. Benjamin, David Cesarini, Philipp D Koellinger, Marcel den Hoed, Harold Snieder, and Melinda C. Mills (2016). "Genome-wide analysis identifies 12 loci influencing human reproductive behavior.Nature Genetics, 48: 1462-1472. Published online October 31.

Okbay, Aysu, Jonathan P. Beauchamp, Mark A. Fontana, James J. Lee, Tune H. Pers, Cornelius A. Rietveld, Patrick Turley, Guo-Bo Chen, Valur Emilsson, S. Fleur W. Meddens, Sven Oskarsson, Joseph K. Pickrell, Kevin Thom, Pascal Timshel, Ronald de Vlaming, …, Jian Yang, Magnus Johannesson, Peter M. Visscher, Tõnu Esko, Philipp D. Koellinger, David Cesarini, Daniel J. Benjamin (2016). “Genome-wide association study identifies 74 loci associated with educational attainment.” Nature, 533: 539-542. Published online May 11.


Okbay, Aysu, Bart M.L. Baselmans, Jan-Emmanuel De Neve, Patrick Turley, Michel G. Nivard, Mark Alan Fontana, S. Fleur W. Meddens, Richard Karlsson Linnér, Cornelius A. Rietveld, Jaime Derringer, Jacob Gratten, James J. Lee, Jimmy Z. Liu, Ronald de Vlaming, …, Jian Yang, Dalton C. Conley, George Davey Smith, Albert Hofman, Magnus Johannesson, David I. Laibson, Sarah E. Medland, Michelle N. Meyer, Joseph K. Pickrell, Tõnu Esko, Robert F. Krueger, Jonathan P. Beauchamp, Philipp D. Koellinger, Daniel J. Benjamin­, Meike Bartels, David Cesarini (2016). “Genetic variants associated with subjective well-being, depressive symptoms and neuroticism identified through genome-wide analyses.” Nature Genetics, 48: 624-633. Published online April 18. 


Chabris, Christopher F., James J. Lee, David Cesarini, Daniel J. Benjamin, and David Laibson (2015). “The Fourth Law of Behavior Genetics.” Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24, 304-312.


Rietveld, Cornelius A., Dalton Conley, Nicholas Eriksson, Tõnu Esko, Sarah E. Medland, Anna A.E. Vinkhuyzen, Jian Yang, Jason D. Boardman, Christopher F. Chabris, Christopher T. Dawes, Benjamin W. Domingue, David A. Hinds, Magnus Johannesson, Amy K. Kiefer, David Laibson, Patrik K. E. Magnusson, Joanna L. Mountain, Sven Oskarsson, Olga Rostapshova, Alexander Teumer, Joyce Y. Tung, Peter M. Visscher, Daniel J. Benjamin, David Cesarini, Philipp D. Koellinger, and the Social Science Genetic Association Consortium (2014). “Replicability and Robustness of GWAS for Behavioral Traits.” Psychological Science, 25(11), 1975-86.
Supplementary Online Material here.


Rietveld, Cornelius A., Tõnu Esko, Gail Davies, Tune H. Pers, Patrick A. Turley, Beben Benyamin, Christopher F. Chabris, Valur Emilsson, Andrew D. Johnson, James J. Lee, Christiaan de Leeuw, Riccardo E. Marioni, Sarah E. Medland, Michael B. Miller, Olga Rostapshova, Sven J. Van der Lee, Anna A.E. Vinkhuyzen, Najaf Amin, Dalton Conley, Jaime Derringer, Cornelia M. van Duijn, Rudolf Fehrmann, Lude Franke, Edward L. Glaeser, Narelle K. Hansell, Caroline Hayward, William G. Iacono, Carla A. Ibrahim-Verbaas, Vincent Jaddoe, Juha Karjalainen, David Laibson, Paul Lichtenstein, David C. Liewald, Patrik K.E. Magnusson, Nicholas G. Martin, Matt McGue, George McMahon, Nancy L. Pedersen, Steven Pinker, David J. Porteous, Danielle Posthuma, Fernando Rivadeneira, Blair H. Smith, John M. Starr, Henning Tiemeier, Nicholas J. Timpson, Maciej Trzaskowski, André G. Uitterlinden, Frank C. Verhulst, Mary E. Ward, Margaret J. Wright, George Davey Smith, Ian J. Deary, Magnus Johannesson, Robert Plomin, Peter M. Visscher, Daniel J. Benjamin, David Cesarini, Philipp D. Koellinger (2014). “Common Genetic Variants Associated with Cognitive Performance Identified Using Proxy-Phenotype Method.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(38), 13790-4. Published online September 8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1404623111

Supplementary information here


Rietveld, Cornelius A., Sarah E. Medland, Jaime Derringer, Jian Yang, Tõnu Esko, Nicolas W. Martin, Harm-Jan Westra, Konstantin Shakhbazov, …, Dalton Conley, George Davey-Smith, Lude Franke, Patrick J. F. Groenen, Albert Hofman, Magnus Johannesson, Sharon L.R. Kardia, Robert F. Krueger, David Laibson, Nicholas G. Martin, Michelle N. Meyer, Danielle Posthuma, A. Roy Thurik, Nicholas J. Timpson, André G. Uitterlinden, Cornelia M. van Duijn, Peter M. Visscher, Daniel J. Benjamin, David Cesarini, and Philipp D. Koellinger (2013). “GWAS of 126,559 individuals identifies genetic variants associated with educational attainment.” Science, 340(6139), 1467–71. Published Online May 30. DOI: 10.1126/science.1235488 
Supplementary information here. FAQ here.


Chabris, Christopher F., James J. Lee, Daniel J. Benjamin, Jonathan P. Beauchamp, Edward L. Glaeser, Gregoire Borst, Steven Pinker, and David I. Laibson (2013). “Why Is It Hard to Find Genes that are Associated with Social Science Traits? Theoretical and Empirical Considerations.” American Journal of Public Health, 103(S1), S152–S166.


Rietveld, Cornelius A., David Cesarini, Daniel J. Benjamin, Philipp D. Koellinger, Jan-Emmanuel De Neve, Henning Tiemeier, Magnus Johannesson, Patrik K.E. Magnusson, Nancy L. Pedersen, Robert F. Krueger, and Meike Bartels (2013). “Molecular Genetics and Subjective Well-Being.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(24), 9692–9697. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1222171110


Chabris, Christopher F., Benjamin M. Hebert, Daniel J. Benjamin, Jonathan P. Beauchamp, David Cesarini, Matthijs J.H.M. van der Loos, Magnus Johannesson, Patrik K.E. Magnusson, Paul Lichtenstein, Craig S. Atwood, Jeremy Freese, Taissa S. Hauser, Robert M. Hauser, Nicholas A. Christakis, and David Laibson (2012). “Most Reported Genetic Associations with General Intelligence Are Probably False Positives.” Psychological Science, 23(11), 1314–1323. doi:10.1177/0956797611435528

Supporting Online Material here.


Benjamin, Daniel J., David Cesarini, Christopher F. Chabris, Edward L. Glaeser, David I. Laibson, Vilmundur Guðnason, Tamara B. Harris, Lenore J. Launer, Shaun Purcell, Albert Vernon Smith, Magnus Johannesson, Patrik K.E. Magnusson, Jonathan P. Beauchamp, Nicholas A. Christakis, Craig S. Atwood, Benjamin Hebert, Jeremy Freese, Robert M. Hauser, Taissa S. Hauser, Alexander Grankvist, Christina M. Hultman, and Paul Lichtenstein (2012). “The Promises and Pitfalls of Genoeconomics.” Annual Review of Economics, 4, 627–662.


Benjamin, Daniel J., David Cesarini, Matthijs J.H.M. van der Loos, Christopher T. Dawes, Philipp D. Koellinger, Patrik K.E. Magnusson, Christopher F. Chabris, Dalton Conley, David I. Laibson, Magnus Johannesson, and Peter M. Visscher (2012). “The Genetic Architecture of Economic and Political Preferences.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(21), 8026–8031. doi:10.1073/pnas.1120666109


Benjamin, Daniel J., Christopher F. Chabris, Edward L. Glaeser, Vilmundur Gudnason, Tamara B. Harris, David I. Laibson, Lenore Launer, and Shaun Purcell (2007). “Genoeconomics.” In Weinstein, Maxine, James W. Vaupel, and Kenneth W. Wachter (eds.), Biosocial Surveys. Committee on Population, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

Genoeconomics (minor author)

Yengo, Loic, Matthew Robinson, Matthew Keller, Kathryn Kemper, Yuanhao Yang, Maciej Trzaskowski, Jacob Gratten, Patrick Turley, David Cesarini, Daniel Benjamin, Naomi Wray, Michael Goddard, Jian Yang, and Peter Visscher (2018). "Imprint of Assortative Mating on the Human Genome." Nature Human Behaviour, 2, 948-954.

Marioni, Riccardo E, Stuart J. Ritchie, Peter K. Joshi, Saskia P. Hagenaars, Aysu Okbay, Krista Fischer, Mark J. Adams, W. David Hill, Gail Davies, Social Science Genetic Association Consortium, Reka Nagy, Carmen Amador, Kristi Läll, Andres Metspalu, David C. Liewald, Archie Campbell, James F. Wilson, Caroline Hayward, Tõnu Esko, David J. Porteous, Catharine R. Gale, and Ian J. Deary (2016). "Genetic variants linked to education predict longevity." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(47), 13366–13371. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1605334113.

Joshi, Peter K., Tonu Esko, Hannele Mattsson, ..., James F. Wilson (2015). "Directional dominance on stature and cognition in diverse human populations." Nature, 523, 459-462. 


Peyrot, W.J., S H Lee, Y Milaneschi, ..., Social Science Genetic Association Consortium Corporate Collaborator (2015). "The association between lower educational attainment and depression owing to shared genetic effects? Results in ~25 000 subjects." Molecular Psychiatry, 20, 735-743.


Power, Robert A., Stacy Steinberg, Gyda Bjornsdottir, ..., Kari Stefansson (2015). "Polygenic risk scores for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder predict creativity." Nature Neuroscience, 18, 953–955.


Ward, Mary, George McMahon, Beate St Pourcain, David Evans, Cornelius Rietveld, Daniel Benjamin, Philipp Koellinger, David Cesarini, Social Science Genetic Association Consortium, George Davey Smith, and Nicholas John Timpson (2014). “Genetic variation associated with differential educational attainment in adults has anticipated associations with school performance in children.” PLoS One, July 17. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100248.


Stephens, Sarah H., Sarah M. Hartz, Nicole R. Hoft, Nancy L. Saccone, Robin C. Corley, …, Victoria L. Stevens, Robert B.Weiss, Peter Kraft, Laura J. Bierut, and Marissa A. Ehringer (2013). “Distinct Loci in the CHRNA5/CHRNA3/CHRNB4 Gene Cluster Are Associated With Onset of Regular Smoking.” Genetic Epidemiology, 37(8), 846–859.


van der Loos, Matthijs J.H.M., Cornelius A. Rietveld, Niina Eklund, Philipp D. Koellinger, David Cesarini, Fernando Rivadeneira, Gonçalo R. Abecasis, Georgina A. Ankra-Badu, Sebastian E. Baumeister, Daniel J. Benjamin, Reiner Biffar, Stefan Blankenberg, Dorret I. Boomsma, David Cesarini, …, A. Roy Thurik (2013). “The molecular genetic architecture of self-employment.” PLoS ONE, 8(4), e60542.

Conference Papers

Benjamin, Daniel J. (2010). “White Paper for NSF Workshop on Genes, Cognition, and Social Behavior.” Presented 28 June 2010.
Final Report for NSF Workshop on Genes, Cognition, and Social Behavior available here.


Benjamin, Daniel J., and Laibson, David I. (2003). “Good Policies for Bad Governments: Behavioral Political Economy.” Presented at the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston’s Conference on How Humans Behave: Implications for Economics and Economic Policy, Cape Cod, 10 June 2003.


Chabris, C., Benjamin, D., and Simons, D. (1998). “How well do chess masters remember famous chess positions? Implications for theories of spatial expertise.” Presented at the Workshop on Object Perception and Memory, Dallas, 19 November 1998.

Book Reviews

Benjamin, Daniel J. (2009). “Review of Free Market Madness: Why Human Nature Is at Odds with Economics---And Why It Matters by Peter A. Ubel.” Journal of Economic Literature, 47(4), 1154–1156.


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